Gilded Serpent presents...

Lastest Craze-Egyptian Oriental Dance!

Hadia's flexible body

The Fitness Benefits of Our Dance

by Hadia
posted March 2010

Great news! A brand new fitness trend is about to hit the belly dance market! It includes revolutionary concepts; Fun with a capital F; easy to learn; safe; feels good and IS good for you; trims, tones and sculpts your body into womanly curves. So what is this hottest, latest craze called? Drum roll please… ta daaaah – Egyptian Oriental dance!

The past few years have seen innumerable changes, innovations, inventions and marketing trends imposed upon this ancient art form, most of which bear little, if any resemblance to anything Middle Eastern. One of the more recent and popular trends has been to sell belly dance as a fitness regimen.

This is a fabulous idea, except for the very important and primary fact that the majority of efforts in this direction have attempted to fit this archetype of feminine activity into the current prevailing masculine model of linear strengthening and tightening, complete with fitness speak, crunches, squats and sweat!

Drills replace simply dancing and practicing. Combinations have no relationship to any music –they just exist. Six packs aim to replace a smoothly curved abdomen. Do tight buns and 12 year old boy thighs really need to replace odalisque women’s hips? Should the magic diagonals that make every move and every body lusciously feminine and interesting be replaced by two dimensional step-it-out right, left, front, back? Plus, most contain no aerobic component or teach anything that could possibly make anyone sweat.

So why would anyone want to take all the innate fun and the natural beauty, sensuality and artistry out of our dancing and replace it with dry and boring repetitions of masculine movements? Isn’t that one of the primary reasons why belly dance became so popular in the first place?

Women wanted to get and stay in shape, but also wanted to have fun, be creative and artistic, stay motivated, develop refined and intricate new skills, celebrate the power of their femininity, feel proud of their accomplishments and perhaps even learn about another culture and open doors to a world of possibilities.

So let’s back up a bit and talk about what exactly is fitness? It would appear that there is no clear definition of fitness, other than an individual’s perception of this illusive quality or state.

According to Webster: the state of being fit, which is defined as adapted to the environment so as to be capable of surviving.

According to Wikipedia: These days, physical fitness is considered a measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases (conditions that occur from a sedentary lifestyle), and to meet emergency situations. There are also references to the physical, mental and emotional fitness triangle with important consideration given to cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, strength, muscular endurance, body composition and skill training relative to age, lifestyle and gender.

Now, I would like to have a quick look at a few of the myriad of feminine fitness benefits of Oriental dance.  Although all types of dancing are physically, mentally and emotionally beneficial in many ways, many can be very physically demanding or even result in injuries. However, if correctly taught and practiced, Egyptian style Oriental dance gently tones the body while being completely safe for all of our joints and muscles. It also improves posture, energy levels, circulation, breathing, digestive, elimination and reproductive systems plus it is almost impossible to do without smiling and having fun, which is one of the most powerful factors in maintaining good health!

Strong, Flexible and Fluid Spine

Today back pain is the most common of all physical problems. It is a well known fact that in order to maintain a healthy lower back, we must strengthen our abdominals and what better way than slow, self-resisted, diagonal undulations which strengthen and tone the massive and powerful abdominal oblique muscles in direct balance with the entire length of large erector spinae muscles of the back. This unique combination of lengthening and shortening contractions sculpt the torso into beautiful feminine curves while maintaining optimal length and flexibility. It is also important to keep all spinal joints healthy and free by doing movements in all directions. These diagonal movements keep all of our vertebral joints healthy by moving them through rotation, flexion and extension.  We can add a side-bend of these joints with our full body lifting lateral figure 8s (so lovely!). Repeated short range and unidirectional abdominal strengtheners such as crunches can lead to joint compression, will strengthen the muscles in a bulky shortened position and often create strain on the neck and lower back (which is what they are supposed to be helping).

We have also heard a lot of references to core strengthening and its importance in maintaining a healthy back. Crunches, isometric V and C position, back extension machines, straight leg lifts, etc. also put major strain on the neck and lower back. These can also overwork and shorten the hip flexor muscle called the iliopsoas (which is a principal generator of lower back pain), over strengthening the back muscles and abdominus rectus and rarely balance the opposing sets of muscles or equalize muscle strength and length.

For an "alien adventure in inner space" – try this. Contract and lift the adductors up and into the pelvic floor, continue to lift the pelvic floor muscles up inside the body like an elevator and continue up the navel and beyond. Then slowly, VERY slowly, do a pelvic rotation, then focus it on one hip then the other (always moving from the focus hip front into the navel), then try up and in diagonal hip figure 8’s (Samia Gamal style), and very, very slowly do full torso diagonal undulations resisting your own movements, alternately lengthening and shortening the obliques, in direct opposition to your back muscles. Now this is “core work supreme” and as yummy as it gets.

Supple Shoulders

In today’s computer oriented and sedentary culture, rounded shoulders and slumping posture has become epidemic. Although not usually as debilitating as lower back problems, nagging, tiring and painful upper back and shoulder pain is often difficult to correct. Chest lifts, rib circles and sways, take pressure off of the overstretched upper back muscles and create more freedom in the upper back vertebral joints. Large gentle shoulder rolls and gentle shimmies keep the shoulder joints free. Using our arms in a full range of motion with veil work, arabesques and long swooping elevated arm movements not only tones the arms but also adds important aerobic benefits to our dancing.

They also lengthen the pectoral area muscles to open the chest and allow the shoulder blades to move towards the spine to correct this rounded shoulder posture and restore healthy muscle balance. All of these arm and chest movements also dramatically increase our breathing capacity and depth. However, it is important to note that large “snake arms” done in a shoulder, elbow, wrist sequence will almost certainly create rotator cuff damage and frozen shoulder syndrome.

Healthy Happy Hips and Knees

Very few activities have such a direct and beneficial effect on the hips and pelvis as Oriental Belly dance. All hip push ups, pull downs, side tilts and shimmies are created and controlled by the large and powerful “yin” adductor muscles on the inside of the thighs. Strong adductors in turn maintain healthy and stable pelvic and SI (sacro-iliac) joints. The easiest and definitely the most fun way to get and maintain powerful adductor muscles is to dance with awareness of these muscles. It is that simple. Hip Figure 8’s in all directions are wonderful for toning the muscles surrounding the hips, as well as the waistline, provided that they are within the normal range and do not overstretch these muscles. Large downward mayas, large hip circles with straight legs and hip accents done with a large curve in the lower back will strain the hip muscles and damage both hip and lower back joints. Strong hip shimmies over a period of time, as in drum solos, are also a wonderful way to get the heart rate up without putting strain on joints and muscles. Hip shimmies and twists also keep our internal organs massaged and moving freely, while very slow pelvic rotations, undulations and inward Fig 8’s can strengthen both the gluteus maximus muscles as well as the pelvic floor muscles.

Another major advantage of our dance form is the fact that our movements are all no- impact and therefore avoid damage to joints, especially the knees.

Unlike many fitness practices or other dance forms, our dance does not include knee hyperextensions, squats, lunges, deep knee bends that either directly damage the knee joints or indirectly create knee problems by overloading and unbalancing the quadriceps. The knees simply and gently move between a very slight bend and a relaxed but straight knee position, staying healthy and keeping us happy and forever mobile.

In summary, I am sure that you will be very inspired to know about all of these fabulous benefits of our very special dance form and I can’t wait to send this on to you all, shut down my computer, put on my music and go get in shape while have fun, create moving art to beautiful music, play, breath, feel luscious and alive and inspire myself to explore the new, as well as the familiar, as I celebrate being a woman (with fitness thrown in at no extra charge)!

use the comment box

Have a comment? Use or comment section at the bottom of this page or Send us a letter!
Check the "Letters to the Editor" for other possible viewpoints!

Ready for more?

  • 7-17-05 Hadia Speaks: a Telephone Interview by Erica
    Hadia’s experience is that, although many dancers in Middle Eastern countries are wonderful artists, they generally lack the skills to teach in an effective, methodical, safe way.
  • 8-12-09 Words of Wisdom: Interview with Hadia by Jalilah Lorraine Chamas
    Unfortunately, this hyper-saturation, along with the current international economic crisis, has led to a self-initiated devaluation of both dancers and teachers, as they compete for contracts and students in an extremely competitive market.
  • 1-25-10 Behind the IBCC, a Talk with the Founder, Yasmina Ramzy by Laura
    I wanted it to be more scholarly, no competitions and not a festival. I felt it was important that all viewpoints were shared.
  • 4-2-07 “In a Beirut Mood”: Jalilah’s Raks Sharki 6, A Review by Amina Goodyear
    I found the selections included make exciting listening. Each selection is a beautiful arrangement and a good mix. Best of all: each musical selection is useful and conducive for dance.
  • 12-8-02 Oriental Dance: Myth and Reality, The Harem Slaves By Jalilah Lorraine Chamas
    To say so would be like saying that playing music, singing, and reciting poetry are also only the occupations of slaves.
  • 3-20-01 Living in Yemen, Part I – Tafruta by Jalilah (Lorraine Zamora Chamas)
    A simple question was all they needed to get them into motion!
  • 11-4-08 The Skinny on Abdominal Strengthening by Venus (Marilee Nugent), BSc, Kinesiology, BA Art & Culture
    You’ve probably heard the terms neutral spine and core balance being bandied about, and seen numerous class offerings for Pilates, body ball, and core workouts. You may be wondering, is this the sort of thing you should be checking out?
  • 7-9-08 Journey into Womanhood by Elizabeth Artemis Mourat
    Our mission, as women, is to encourage others to joyfully anticipate all the decades of their lives. Those who have gone before us have always and will always help us on our paths.
  • 5-3-08 Improving Breathing for Better Dance Performance by Taaj
    We also hold our breath when we concentrate or get nervous. This brings tension into our bodies. The more tension we have, the more shallow we breathe. It can become a vicious circle!
  • 11-2-06 The Constant Grind by Margo Abdo O’Dell
    Today, the bitter truth is that the curvaceous and fleshy female figure is constantly disrespected by the media and pop culture.
  • 5-16-06 Got Strength? Buffing up for Bellydance by Aruna
    Muscles are like smart-aleck teenagers. If you ask them to do something, they do just enough to get the job done—and no more.
  • 11-16-05 Belly Dance Secrets for Fitness and Rejuvenation by Keti Sharif
    The most important factor in sustaining an exercise program is the ‘fun factor’; Belly dancing comes with great music, exciting moves, noisy coin belts and its own special dress code.
  • 6-29-00 NIA: A Journey in Mind and Body Fitness by Jawahare
    I believe that I am on a fascinating journey and that on of the destinations is the path, itself.

Sorry, comments for this entry are closed at this time.