Gilded Serpent presents...

Accepting Our Role as Artists

Politics in Bellydance

Bellydance for Syria raised over $7,000 for the International Rescue Committee, an organization that responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises. Dancer pictured: Sandra (photo by Michael Baxter)

Bellydance for Syria raised over $7,000 for the International
Rescue Committee
, an organization that responds to the
world’s worst humanitarian crises. Dancer pictured:
Sandra (photo by Michael Baxter)

by Lida
posted January 24, 2017

As we move into 2017, Gilded Serpent will be presenting voices both from within and adjacent to our dance community that address historical and current issues of cultural appropriation, cultural appreciation, and wishtory within "belly dance" – an often frustrating but decidedly globalized term that covers a wide variety of dances.

These have long been hot button topics in the scene. With social media in constant development, Gilded Serpent hopes to remain a stable platform where various voices can be heard, assumptions can be challenged, and conversations can be recorded, in the spirit of providing greater depth, breadth and understanding of these complex topics.Your Gilded Serpent Editorial Team

“An artist’s duty, as far as I’m concerned, is to reflect the times. I think that is true of painters, sculptors, poets, musicians…. And at this crucial time in our lives, when everything is so desperate, when every day is a battle for survival, I don’t think you can help but be involved. Young people, black and white, know this. That’s why they’re so involved in politics.”
Nina Simone

Throughout human history, art and current events have been deeply intertwined, building on each other and evolving into a hefty body of work that continues to grow. Countless visual and performing artists use a wide variety of mediums to express their feelings and ideas. These creations are often unapologetically honest, revealing the artist’s place in society, their thoughts on the events of the time, their worries, and their hopes for the future. Artists and the larger movements they form have been instrumental in communicating alternate viewpoints, questioning the status quo, and inspiring social and political action.

These crucial functions are some of art’s most important contributions, placing artists in essential societal roles as dissectors of beliefs, expressers of feelings, and dissenters of popular opinion. Historically and currently, the term "artist" has a far more significant meaning than simply one who creates art.

As bellydancers, we strive to be taken seriously as artists. We often complain that we are overlooked, disparaged, or even discriminated against for our art. While it may not be the direct aim of a cultural dance to question beliefs, how can we expect attitudes toward us and the sources of our art to change without our willingness to take on the full meaning of “artist”?

Additionally, how can we maintain our integrity as practitioners of a cultural art if we do not support the cultures in which our dance is rooted?

I believe that the scope of our work goes beyond simply bringing joy and connection to an audience. We need to speak the hard truths and create greater appreciation for our art. If we choose to study a culturally-rooted dance and wear the name of “artist”, we would do well to ask ourselves whether we are truly ready to step into this role before fighting for it.

While some dancers work intensely to educate the general public and stand up for the cultures and people of the Middle East, I do not see action widely valued in our community. I see dancers detach from the crucial functions of art to examine, express, and motivate. I see them sit back when action is needed. I see them stay silent for fear of other people’s opinions and even criticize those who speak out, stating that issues impacting the Middle East are a separate, undesirable entity called “politics” that have nothing to do with bellydance. It seems these dancers do not realize that politics is part of our daily lives, influencing everything from birth control to taxes. It also determines how we treat various groups of people within our countries and abroad. Politics can drive up the price of food to astronomical heights, create violent animosity toward immigrants, or result in bombings. Whether it’s sanctions, war, or isolationism, the effects of political decisions are felt strongly by people in the Middle East and by people of Middle Eastern origin living in other countries. These are the same people whose passionate dancing, singing, and music we love and feel connected to. These are the same people whose art is the basis of our hobby or living. These are the same people who continue to create art based on their current experiences, including new music and dance styles that many of us use without understanding the politically-influenced words or feelings behind them.

Our deep connection with this region establishes an innate responsibility for bellydancers to acknowledge Middle Easterners’ perspectives about life (which includes art and politics) and to support their well-being along with our own by considering our choices in politicians and policy.

Ignoring the experiences of Middle Easterners while benefitting from their art degrades our integrity and reflects cultural appropriation in its clearest and most detrimental form.

This is real appropriation that needs to be recognized in the bellydance community, yet we seem to focus on who should wear ethnic jewelry or dance with a cane rather than examine this much more significant issue. While our opinions on the degree of responsibility that we carry may differ, I believe we each must contemplate our role, and learn to value social and political principles as they relate to our art.

In addition, it is also our responsibility as artists to back the many factions that make up our modern bellydance community.

We are part of a uniquely diverse group of races, religions, genders, and more who are bound by a common passion. We share many core emotions and beliefs. While it may not always feel like it, we have the capacity to build understanding, work together, and stand up for each other in concrete ways. We can do more than simply post on Facebook. We can make a difference in each other’s lives as an artistic community. It is not the job of an artist to take the easy route of self-separation and apathy, but to help shape policies that support fellow artists.

Opportunities to get involved are all around us. We can bring an understanding of Middle Eastern culture to the general public through lectures and educational showcases. We can seek out Middle Eastern perspectives through literature, stand-up comedy, theater, and concerts (even those that don’t offer dance performance opportunities). We can fundraise for or volunteer with organizations that provide services for Middle Easterners (or women or LGBTQ or people of low income or any other group in our artistic community). We can examine our political beliefs to ensure that we see the whole, interconnected picture with unity and empathy. We can become involved in politics, whether it’s by joining an action group, volunteering for a local politician who shares our values, writing to our representatives, donating to campaigns, or all of the above. With an abundance of readily available information and connections, we only need the willingness to fully step into our crucial roles as bellydancers and artists.

Dancers pictured: Ami Amoré (photo by The Dancer's Eye Photography), Jane Samira (photo by David McWhirter)
Hafla for Humanity is a global event that takes place in cities all over the world organized by to give back to women in the Middle East. In 2015, dancers raised over $20,000
for Syrian refugees, and in 2016 they raised more than $8,000 for Yazidi women and girls escaping ISIS.
Dancers pictured: Ami Amoré (photo by The Dancer’s Eye Photography), Jane Samira
(photo by David McWhirter).



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  1. Barbara Sellers-Young

    Jan 24, 2017 - 05:01:05

    Thank you Lida for your thought provoking essay. I think a related question is: How much of belly dance as a global form is still by style, costume, music or cultural belief system fundamentally connected to North Africa and the Middle East? Or has it evolved within the framework of popular culture an ethos that is more part of specific dance styles and related communities, as in spiritual, tribal, gothic, fusion, etc.? These questions do not negate the important ethical questions you raise but may explain the lack of connection to North Africa and the Middle East that many dancers feel.

  2. Lida

    Jan 24, 2017 - 10:01:14

    Hi Barbara! In my experience, the aversion to politics seems pretty widespread among traditional bellydancers. I think we rationalize what’s comfortable and easy for us. It takes effort and vulnerability to learn, change, teach, and speak up.

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